12. 04. 2018 12:52
28,000 Slovaks returned to their home country between 2010 and 2015, while in 2016 the number increased to 32,000. Most returning individuals came in order to settle down long term. These are some of the findings from a study elaborated by the Fiscal Policy Institute in Slovakia - a body of the Ministry of Finance.
For the returnees, most account for their Slovak family links to their home country, a will to support society as well as a lower workload or the desire to spend more time with their families. Higher numbers of foreign work seekers also marks the last two years.
The Institute depicts the migration trend as positive with recent losses in total population stopping for now, due to immigration. Three out ten persons heading to Slovakia in 2016 were foreigners, while more and more are originating from non-European Union countries. Among them were primarily citizens of Ukraine, Serbia, Vietnam, China or Korea, who found jobs in western Slovakia. Two thirds of foreigners work and live in the regions of Bratislava, Trnava and Nitra.
The Fiscal Policy Institute states in its study that in comparison to the Visegrád Four countries, Slovakia is still less preferred by foreign migrants. There are eight-times more foreigners living in Poland and five-times more of them living in the Czech Republic. In 2016 only one percent of the Slovak population comprised foreigners.
However, the returns of Slovaks or the actual numbers of foreign immigrants cannot crucially stop the demographic status quo in the country. Prognosticator Vladimír Baláž:
"Today, we are still profiting from the demographic dividend. This is the huge mass of people born between 1955 and 1980, for whom we basically do not have enough work."
To make sure that there will be enough working opportunities in future, Vladimír Baláž advises:
"Slovakia will have to think seriously about the restoration of a family policy, although not as largely as before the year 1989."
Source: Euractiv, RTVS